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Amilcar Lopes Cabral (September 21, 1924 to January 20, 1973) was an African agronomic engineer, writer and politician.

Cabral led the African Nationalist Movement in Guinea-Bissau, the Cape Verde islands and the independence movement in Guinea-Bissau.
The Portuguese secret police in 1973 allowed him to be killed, just before Guinea-Bissau became independent.

Cabral was born in Bafata, Portuguese Guinea, the son of Cape Verdean parents. He received his education in Lisbon.

During his studies he founded an African Nationalist Student Movement. His half brother, Luis Cabral, would later become head of state of Guinea Bissau.

In the 50‘s Cabral went back to Africa. He worked on the creation of the PAIGC (Partido Africano da Indepêndencia da Guiné e Cabo Verde) or the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde. Together with Agostinho Neto, he worked on forming a Liberation Party of Angola.

From 1962, Cabral led the PAIGC in a military conflict with the Portuguese colonial rulers. The purpose of the conflict was to gain independence for both Portuguese Guinea and Cape Verde. During the conflict, the party achieved more territorial gain. Cabral became the de facto leader of a large number of areas in Guinea-Bissau.

In preparation for an independent African nation Cabral began with the formation of a public assembly in 1972. Before he could bring this to a conclusion he was assassinated in Conakry in January 20, 1973 by an aggrieved former ally. This was aided by Portuguese agents who infiltrated the PAIGC.

His half-brother, Luis Cabral, the leader of the party in Guinea-Bissau where he would later become president.
Amílcar Lopes Cabral
Amilcar Lopes Cabral