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Cape Verde was uninhabited when the Portuguese reached the islands in 1460.

They settled in 1462 in Santiago and in 1587 the archipelago became a Portuguese colony.

The islands formed a major site for the slave trade. The population of Cape Verde is therefore born from a mix of Portuguese colonists and African slaves.

Ships on the way from Europe to all parts of the world were supplied with water, poultry and vegetables . In return, the sailors usually gave the Cape Verdean pipes, tobacco, and also clothing.

This is evident from the travel accounts of Jean Francois Michel. His records are a very important source concerning the history of this country. He was in transit to China in 1752 and stayed 11 days in Cape Verde. The British pirate Woodes Rogers reported extensively on the state of the country in the early 18th century.

On July 5, 1975 Cape Verde finally gained its independence from Portugal.

Amílcar Cabral played an important role in the freedom struggle of Cape Verde.

The socialist Aristides Pereira was the first president.He was twice re-elected in 1990 before the country became a multiparty system. Pereira was succeeded by Democrat Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro, who in turn was succeeded in 2001 by Pedro Pires.


The island was discovered around 1460 by Antonio da Noli, who from 1462 to 1496 was captain of the garrison in which he founded Ribeira Grande (now Cidade Velha), the first European settlement in the tropics.

Ribeira Grande (Cidade Velha)

Picture left the old fort "Sao Filipe" picture right "Pelourinho"

Pelourinho Cidade Velha  Santiago  Fort “São  Filipe” Cidade Velha op Santiago